Its something foxing didnt expect and certainly were not prepared for. Book conservation ghosting and sunning and foxing, oh my. Some collectors see foxing as a lovely, desirable part of a rare books patina. A book cover consisting of two boards and an inlay spine liner covered with paper, cloth, leather or some other covering material. Mold or foxing in libraries and archives rita udina. The term foxing is used to denote the reddish or tannish spots, speckles, or bloches that discolor the paper of some older books. This is the typical condition of a nice newstand mint comic book. Experts may choose one of two approaches to reverse foxing. The case is made separately from the text block and is later attached at casing in.
Mold and mildew forms on paper, including books and wallpaper, when they are exposed to damp conditions for several months or years. Having a distinctive sharp flavor or aroma reminiscent of. There are many different types of ebook files and some can be read only with a specific ereader amazons kindle etc while others can be read on any computer, personal digital assistant or ereader. A book size resulting from folding a sheet with three right angle folds. Foxing refers to the brown splotches, specks, and patches you often see in antiquarian books, especially those from the eighteenth and. A method to safely remove foxing stains from paper and celluloid items using distilled water, sodium hychloride, acedic acid, sodium bicarbonate and glue size. Foxing changes the ph of the paper, and additional acid can cause further degradation. Definition of fox written for english language learners from the merriamwebster learners dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and countnoncount noun labels. How to prevent and reverse foxing in rare books in 2019.
On 20180902 by mod paper containing acid sulfite pulp not only contains cellulose. Guide for identification and treatment of mold and foxing in libraries and archives. Special pages printable version permanent link page information. Foxed foxing brown spotting of the paper caused by a chemical reaction, generally found in 19th century books, particularly in steel engravings of the period. Although unsightly and a negative factor in the value of the paper item. Short for electronic book, this is a computer file that contains the entire text of a book. Not only will this allow the novice to correctly describe a book, this page will provide an easy reference to unknown book words allowing an intelligent decision before purchasing or describing a book to sell. Information and translations of foxing in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on. A book or singular publication that is bound by itself.
A cover of the comic book that has the same scene repeated in it over and over into infinity. But mold does occur on paper and books and book bindings and may be mistaken for foxing. Foxing appears as brown, yellow, or red stains on the paper, often in spidery. Very fine to near mint vfnm back to top general wear, tears, creases, folds, color flaking, water stains, foxing, etc a beautiful book. I used a ziploc brand name plastic container measuring about 2 x 2 x 2 with a tightfitting lid and placed about 3ml of ammonia in the container with the stamp. Dictionary, thesaurus, medical, idioms, encyclopedia, wikipedia. The front matter pages usually arent visibly numbered. Glossary of book terms foxing abaa antiquarian booksellers. It is most likely caused by lack of ventilation andor chemical reactions between the paper and microorganisms.
Foxing appears as brown, yellow, or red stains on the paper, often in spidery spots or blotches. Near mint nm back to top general wear, tears, creases, folds, color flaking, water stains, foxing, etc. Foxings forthright lyrical honesty paired with their stunning orchestral sound quickly started earning them devoted fans, some of whom have been so emotionally moved that theyve openly wept at the bands live shows. Many have become collectible due to the designer or owner. The term foxing generally refers to small, roundish spot stains of reddish or. The band has released three studio albums and an ep, as well as a pair of splits and a single. Information technology for management digital strategies for insight action and sustainable performance 10th edition by turban pollard wood solution manual 1 chapters updated apr 06, 2019 12.
There may be exceptions to some of our definitions our main concern is to provide you with general concepts relative to commonly used book jargon. Foxing has been variously attributed to a microorganism, iron particles in the paper, a high acid content in the paper, or a fungus reacting to metallic residue or other conditions of the paper. Very fine vf back to top general wear, tears, creases, folds, color flaking, water stains, foxing, etc. Ioba book terminology independent online booksellers. Book terms and book conditions used by book collectors. Related information as humans grow older, they often develop skin discolorations. In bookselling terminology, a book measuring from about seven to ten inches in height. The term refers to ferrous oxide, or iron, that becomes attracted to paper and leads to the unwanted discoloration. Additionally, attack on the cellulose and sizing of paper and paint media by biological pests such as silverfish, book lice, beetle larvae, mold, or fungus can result. General wear, tears, creases, folds, color flaking, water stains, foxing, etc a stunning book. Of the four stamps with foxing that i tested last evening, i took the stamp that has the most foxing both before and after that initial test and placed it in a container.
Nov 17, 2019 front matter is the information that appears in the very beginning of a book. As humans grow older, they often develop skin discolorations. The flap can contain biographical information about the author, isbn, a short summary of the book, date of publishing or publisher name, and the cost of the book. Using a reducing agent, such as sodium borohydride, on the paper.
Foxing, a term referring to the brown blotches appearing on a print, results from airborne microorganisms, humidity and the presence of metals and fungi. In scripophily, a situation in which brown spots appear on a stock or bond certificate due to too much bleach being used during the manufacturing process. Foxing definition and meaning collins english dictionary. The name, first recorded in the middle of the nineteenth century, comes from the observations that it looked as if a fox with muddy paws had trampled across the page. Moulds feed on the paper itself, as well as any dirt or organic material on it, for example, finger marks, food stains and squashed insects. According to derow and choi 1, 2, the main difficulty of this subject may lie in the vague definition of foxing. If exceptional in other areas, could have eight of the following at least three must be 116 or less in size and the remaining must be must be 18 in size or less, small spine stress, slight corner blunting, miniscule tear. Both the information on the chemical nature and surface morphology of the stains achieved in this study will contribute to increase foxing formation information and develop future protocols for.
Analysis of paper foxing by newly available omics techniques. Foxing is an agerelated process of deterioration that causes spots and browning on old paper documents such as books, postage stamps and certificates. The flap also protects the book edges from wear and spine from shelf wear or other damage. Foxing is a term describing the agerelated spots and browning seen on vintage paper documents such as books, postage stamps, certificates, and so forth. These terms are used when describing the condition of notes and may also appear in the graders comments on the back of the pmg certification label. Bill, researched information on foxing stains including comments from one of the most. If perfect in all other areas, could have four of the following must be 116 in size or less, small spine stress, slight corner blunting, miniscule tear, miniscule color flake. Removing the marks of foxing should generally be left to a skilled book conservator or preservationist. The methods employed to acquire this information include searching publicly available databases and social media websites like facebook. A band of material joining the upper of a shoe to the sole. Two main causes are mould and iron contaminants in the paper. This abbreviated glossary covers only the most commonly encountered terms.
Foxing is a descriptive term for scattered spots commonly reddishbrown in color, but also applied to spots of other coloration ranging from yellow to black. Jul 17, 2017 mold and mildew forms on paper, including books and wallpaper, when they are exposed to damp conditions for several months or years. The reason for foxing in a particular book is often difficult to discern. Us20070022542a1 method to remove foxing stains from paper. The general information about the comic book, such as publisher, title, issue number, date, and usually printed on the inside front page or on the interior front cover. The cover is encapsulated between the clear polyester and paper backing with a heat set.
The two main methods of describing an overall grade are numerical, and symbol. Removing foxing stains on books, papers, photographs. A casedin book is often referred to as a hardcover book. The term foxing describes disfiguring small yellow brown spots or blotches on paper. Foxing definition, material used to cover the upper portion of a shoe. Foxed foxingbrown spotting of the paper caused by a chemical reaction, generally found in 19th century books, particularly in steel engravings of the period. This brief glossary is provided to better familiarize you with some of the specialized terminology used by currency collectors. Book terminology or book terms are the vocabulary used in book collecting to describe the many different parts of the book. Notes on the causes and prevention of foxing in books jstor. Pictures of tanned and foxed pages in collectible books.
Of a leather binding, a design built up from cut scraps of leather in mosaic manner. The term foxing is derived from the rusty red color of reynard the fox and its use was first noted in 1848 meynell and newsam 1979, 567. The front matter contains the nuts and bolts of the books publication information such as title, author, publisher, isbn, and library of congress data. Doxing, or doxxing from dox, abbreviation of documents, is the internetbased practice of researching and publicly broadcasting private or identifying information especially personally identifying information about an individual or organization. Foxing is very common in antique books due to the paper used and can certainly be found in contemporary books as well. Just curious as im not in the book selling business, what is foxing of the page edges. Foxing article about foxing by the free dictionary. Foxing is the result of both mold and metal contaminants in paper. Title information is not saved into the library bindery database for future use.
What can help remove foxing or dust soiling from edges of. Sac and fox culture was of the eastern woodlands area with some plainsarea traits see under natives, north american. Book plate an ownership label, usually placed inside front cover. Foxily definition of foxily by the free dictionary. History formation, the albatross, dealer and nearer my god 2011present foxing began in 2011 following the end of the group hunter gatherer. Mylar a clear, polyester film that is adhered to an original or photocopied book cover to produce a hard bound case. The name may derive from the fox like reddishbrown color of the stains, or the rust chemical ferric oxide which may be involved. There are many different types of e book files and some can be read only with a specific ereader amazons kindle etc while others can be read on any computer, personal digital assistant or ereader.579 506 249 1360 1140 1083 702 695 804 135 579 125 1157 6 117 1454 941 261 1085 454 269 691 883 777 611 281 914 652 1277 626 1214 136 644 734 74 16 224 624 872 552 840