Average income varies greatly from island to island. It has, however, evolved and manifested itself quite distinctly in different periods of history. The slavery system that developed in the lesser antilles was an outgrowth of the demand for sugar and other crops. This eventually led to the promotion of slave trading and sugar plantations. Thats why britain invited workers from other parts of the empire particularly from india and asia to come to work in the caribbeans. Lest you forget caribbean economy and slavery pdf download. The spanish loosened its foothold in the caribbean during the first half of the 17th century, which allowed the british to settle several islands and to ultimately seize jamaica in 1655. A student reader beckles, hilary, shepherd, verene on. The caribbean economy depends largesly on the agriculture and tourism industries. Timber extraction and the shaping of the culture of enslaved peoples in belize, by o. A study and revision guide for cxc caribbean history. Movements towards independence and regional integration. Caribbean slavery starting in the seventeenth century, the european colonization of the caribbean.
Introduction of african in the caribbean the africentric eye. Slavetrade between africa and the caribbean from start to end. The need for economic stability as well as potential growth in the french and eastern caribbean islands led to what was best termed as the sugar revolution. Numerous and frequentlyupdated resource results are available from this search. The sugar industry was a large economic source and the slaves ensured plantations were running. After slavery, there was a labour issue on the plantations. Slavery origins of slavery slavery in the caribbean and the. The sugar industry was a large economic source and the slaves ensured. Oclcs webjunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus. Documents that belonged to planters in the french colonies such as. Caribbean slave society and economy brings together into one volume the main themes of the recent research on slavery, and explores the patterns and forms of. If you are from the caribbean and especially if you are black you must get a copy. Reliable information about the coronavirus covid19 is available from the world health organization current situation, international travel.
The various industries that existed in the caribbean led to different types of work for slaves. Caribbean economy and slavery a i identify two caribbean territories which produced tobacco and two caribbean territories which produced logwood in the 1600s, 4 marks b ii explain three reasons for the changeover from the production of tobacco to sugar in the 1600s 9 marks c iii. Caribbean economy and slavery doris hamiltonwillie. They argue that the presentday underdevelopment of the caribbean is a direct and lasting legacy of the slavery trade, and descendants of enslaved africans should be compensated for presentday. Muslims from the barbary states north african countries such as algiers. Caribbean political development in the 20th century 9. To illustrate the centrality of state slavery to the transformation of the cuban economy in the second half of the eighteenth century this paper will briefly discuss the spanish states earlier use of state slavery as part of its program of imperial defense with. Caribbean slave society and the economy the new press.
However, these servants did not arrive in large numbers. Lowes 1994 for instance documents that in antigua, in the 8 years. Chronology of the slave trade the national library. The caribbean sugar mill with vertical rollers, french west indies, 1665. The south did not make the same technological and industrial advancements as the north until after slavery had been abolished, and some scholars consider this to have been an economic. By 2005 the bahamas had the highest annual per capita. The postslavery caribbean plantation complex yale economic. Justify this statement outlining and assessing the ways in which the slave trade impacted west african societies. In the 1730s, hundreds of experienced warriors were sold into slavery in the caribbean as part of a civil war among the akanspeaking people in what is today the nation of ghana.
If we accept the statistics used by these same governments and the. Hamiltonwillie us in the caribbean, movements towards emancipation, caribbean economy and slavery five meetings to prepare 2004, the. Because the institution of slavery has exerted such momentous force in shaping the socioeconomic and political history of the caribbean, much of the regions historical writing has focused on slavery. The overall effect of slavery on the american economy is also arguable with various scholars identifying some positive and some negative elements of the practice. The caribbean people have a legitimate claim for slavery. Indigo and slavery in saint domingue, by david geggus 2. Caribbean history may june 2011 question 3 theme 2. Caribbean economy and slavery lest you forget a study and revision guide for cxc caribbean history lest you forget. This is a revised and expanded edition of the work previously published as caribbean slave society and economyt.
Revealing to us how the emergence of hegemonic relations of power and colonial racethinking came to define an ideological program legitimating slave subjectivity in the caribbean. Slavery and its abolition, french colonies, research and. The only aim of slavetrade was to make money for the ship owners. Indeed the peculiar institution is one of humanitys oldest. Slavery in the caribbean the beginning of slavery in the caribbean can be traced back to the emergence of piracy in the 16th and 17th centuries. Slavery in the british and french caribbean wikipedia. Confining our attention to large scale slavery, we find that it is historically quite a rare phenomenon. This collection of eleven essays sets out to expand the discussion of slavery in the caribbean. The analysis of the slave population of jamaica presented. A critique of the plantation economy perspective alex dupuy dialectical anthropology volume 7. Lest we forgetlest we forget we have nothing to fear for the future, except as we shall forget the way the lord has led us. Essay on history of slavery in the caribbean 720 words. Synopsis lest you forget caribbean economy and slavery.
Was a treaty agreed upon by the pope, spain, france england and portugal. Dominica library and information service catalog details for. The journey of slaves from africa, across the atlantic, to the west indies or colonial america, so called because it was the middle portion of the triangular. Although recognizing the existence of the slave registration and compensation records, the bibliographer of the second volume of the cambridge history of the british empire, published in 1940, felt confident in commenting that these records are very detailed, but are disappointing in their content of historical material. Slavery in the caribbean essay 1086 words bartleby. Take the quiz below on caribbean economy and slavery and learn some more about it. Registry of slaves of the british caribbean 18171834. Several of the caribbean islands actually had a population but still slave labor was required for manufacturing sugar which was the islands main trade. Caribbean slavery, race, class, and contemporary identity in abeng h.
Therefore, in order to truly understand the caribbean one must completely understand slavery itself. Akanspeaking people, who the english called coromantees, may have had a hand in the 1701 christmas uprising in antigua, the 1675 revolt in barbados, and in the 1673. Having bought slaves very cheaply in africa, they sold them again in the americas as a. The slavery system built by the british in the caribbean led to the legal and customary institutionalization of the slave owners right to unrestricted sexual access to enslaved women as an intrinsic and discrete product. The political economy of new slavery palgrave texts in international political economy series standing order isbn 1403938075 hardback series standing order isbn 1403938083 paperback you can receive future titles in this series as they are published by placing a standing order. Patterns of development, culture and environmental change since 1492. List of books and articles about slavery in the caribbean. Chronology of the slave trade home 1441 portuguese sailors take the first shipload of africans to europe as slaves. View caribbean slavery research papers on academia.
The passage from africa to slavery and emancipation. Some islands have mineral resources capable of being exploited and many have tried to encourage the industrial sector and manufacturing, with mixed results. History of slavery in the caribbean the institution of slavery has played a major role in the history, and the shaping of the caribbean. Everywhere in the british caribbean there was a big gap in wealth and living standards between the europeans and people. We are grateful to guy grannum for providing the information. Africans were forcibly brought to british owned colonies in the caribbean and sold as slaves to work on plantations and many meet their end in the journey. Discover librarianselected research resources on slavery in the caribbean from the questia online library, including fulltext online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more. A north east story scotland, africa and slavery in the caribbean learning resource 2 slavery in the caribbean topic 4 products of slave labour in the british caribbean the main crops grown for export by enslaved labourers were sugar, cocoa, tobacco and coffee. Theme 2 caribbean economy and slavery the west african coast was the source of the caribbeans labour from the 1500s to the 1800s much to the detriment of africas development and progress. This volume seeks to reopen discourse on caribbean slave society by showing how diverse the economy and society really were and how varied were the experiences of the enslaved.
For example, women slaves in the caribbean could be fieldworkers on sugar cane or coffee plantations, or they could also be working in the salt ponds for salt production. Northern and western europeans who colonised the caribbean and. The period between 1740 and 1810 constituted the prosperity of slavetrade because the number of slaves who transported each year in america approached the 60. Book with photographs and documents from the black holocaust exhibit thomas. Pdf csec may june2012 caribbean history sr chloe layne. Actually white servants came to the islands before the african slaves arrived.992 1409 1044 795 1274 788 339 818 883 1274 1455 670 197 457 958 103 950 1240 513 6 443 6 980 1379 194 416 56 768 593 1166 998 11 1194 980 972 1279 356 644 331